Wolf Point Tavern opened in December of 1828.
Eagle Exchange Tavern opened in 1829 - Sauganash Hotel opened in 1831
The Green Tree Tavern wasn't built until 1833.
|The Sauganash Hotel, Chicago's first hotel. The log building on the left was Chicago's first drug store.|
|The old site of the Sauganash Hotel / The Wigwam Building.|
The 1860 Republican National Convention was eventful for its nomination of Abraham Lincoln, who went on to a presidency notably marked by the onset of the Civil War and the abolition of slavery. During the convention, backroom dealing and political scheming played a role in the outcome. Nevertheless, Lincoln, who had stayed in Springfield during the convention, received vehement support and carried the nomination.
Chicago has hosted the most United States presidential nominating conventions; 14 Republican National Conventions and 11 Democratic National Conventions, in addition to one notable Progressive Party assembly. The 1860 Republican National Convention (the second Republican National Convention) was held at the Wigwam.
|Drawing of the Wigwam interior during the 1860 nominating convention. Note the second story gallery and curved ceiling structure to allow for better acoustics.|
The building was used for political and patriotic meetings during the Civil War.
The Wigwam also served as a retail space until its demolition, sometime between 1867 and 1871.
Following the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, another "Wigwam" building at Washington (one city block south of Lake) and Market Streets served as the temporary home for the Chicago Board of Trade.
Today, the corner of Lake Street and Wacker Drive bears the address and is named "191 North Wacker." This address is in the West Loop neighborhood of the Loop community in Chicago. The 516 foot high, 37-story office tower was designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox and built-in 2002.
Compiled by Neil Gale, Ph.D.
 The antebellum period refers to the years after the War of 1812 (1812-15) and before the Civil War (1861-65). The development of separate northern and southern economies, the westward expansion of the nation, and a spirit of reform marked the era. These issues created an unstable and explosive political environment that eventually led to the Civil War.