Sunday, March 12, 2017

Lake Park, Chicago, Illinois, later renamed to Grant Park.

Chicago's Lake Park was officially designated as a park on April 29, 1844. When the Illinois Central Railroad was built in Chicago in 1852, they were permitted to build a breakwater allowing the trains to enter along the lakefront on a causeway built offshore, just west of the breakwater.
Click to view a full-size image.
Lake Park (now Grant Park), Chicago, 1885
The resulting lagoon between the man-made breakwater and the shoreline became a stagnant pool with unruly garbage and waste. The stench was so bad that the lagoon was filled in 1871 with rubbish and debris from the Great Chicago Fire.
An 1868 Chicago Map showing the Illinois Central Railroad causeway.
In 1896 the city began extending Lake Park into the lake with additional landfill. 

On October 9, 1901, Lake Park was renamed Grant Park in honor of Galena, Illinois resident, American Civil War General and United States President, Ulysses S. Grant.

Compiled by Neil Gale, Ph.D.

1 comment:

  1. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a coworker
    who was doing a little research on this. And he in fact ordered
    me dinner because I found it for him... lol. So allow me to reword this....
    Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to discuss this subject
    here on your site.


The Digital Research Library of Illinois History Journal™ is RATED PG-13. Please comment accordingly. Advertisements, spammers and scammers will be removed.