The Chicago Water Tower was completed in 1869 by architect William W. Boyington. It is 154 feet high and made from yellowing Joliet limestone. Inside was a 138-foot high standpipe, three feet in diameter used to balance the water flow.
In addition to being used for firefighting, the pressure in the pipe could be regulated to control water surges in the area. The foundation of the Water Tower consists of 168 piles filled with concrete and capped with 12-inch oak timbers. Massive stones laid in cement complete the base up to six feet below the grade.
|Looking northeast on Chicago Avenue at the Chicago Water Tower and Pumping Station in 1869.|
|Looking north on Pine Street (now Michigan Ave.) shortly after the Chicago Fire. 1871|
The octagonal tower is centered and set back from the top of the third section. It rises 154 feet above the ground level. The standpipe was removed in 1911 when it was no longer needed. The spiral staircase which encircled the standpipe, however, is still intact and is used to reach the tower cupola. Together with the adjacent Chicago Avenue Pumping Station, it drew clean water from water cribs in Lake Michigan.
The Water Tower gained prominence after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. While some incorrectly believe that the tower was the only building to survive the fire, a few other buildings in the burnt district survived along with the tower . The Water Tower was the only public building in the burnt zone to survive and is one of just a few of the surviving structures still standing today.\
|Looking south along Pine Street (now North Michigan Avenue) from Pearson, Chicago, 1892.|
|Water Tower and Pumping Station looking northwest from the corner of Pine Street (Now North Michigan Avenue) and Chicago Avenue, Circa 1890|
|Looking North on Michigan Avenue, Chicago. 1926|
|Water Tower, Kaufman & Fabry, 1929|
|The intersection at Michigan Avenue and Pearson Street, Chicago. 1940s|
|Double-decker bus in front of the Water Tower on Michigan Avenue, Chicago. 1941|
|Looking east at the Chicago Water Tower, circa 1975.|
That's Water Tower Place - Shopping Center & Condominiums under construction.
The Chicago Water Tower was designated the first American Water Landmark in 1969 and was designated a Chicago Landmark in 1971. Chicago Avenue Water Tower and Pumping Station were listed on the National Register of Historic Places as: "Old Chicago Water Tower District" in 1975.
In 2014, the Water Tower Park has renamed the Jane Byrne Park in honor of the former Chicago mayor.
- St. Ignatius College Prep.
- St. Michael's Church, Old Town, Chicago.
- Chicago Water Tower.
- Chicago Avenue Pumping Station.
- Police Constable Bellinger's cottage at 2121 N. Hudson, Chicago.
- Ironically, the O'Leary's house located at 137 DeKoven Street was spared from the fire.
False Claims of Other Buildings that Survived the Great Chicago Fire.
- Even though Old St. Patrick’s Church at 700 W Adams Street, Chicago, website claims to be a survivor of the 1871 Chicago Fire, they were not in the burnt district. The Church was a few blocks farther west than the fire reached. They also claim to be the oldest public building in the City of Chicago, but the church is not owned by the city of Chicago. (Click the 'burnt district' link in the story).
- St. James Cathedral at 65 E Huron St., Chicago was totally gutted when the Great Chicago Fire erupted. There was nothing left but the stone walls, the Civil War Memorial, and the bell tower, whose bells rang for as long as possible, gave warning to the neighborhood of the encroaching fire.
NOTE: Addresses are before the City of Chicago Renaming and Renumbering of 1909. These documents are in my Digital Research Library of Illinois History®