Monday, November 25, 2019

Chicago map of settlement patterns in 1950.

Looking over the map which shows where different ethnic groups settled in Chicago, some of the elements of this map caught my eye as they seem a little off.
CLICK MAP FOR A FULL-SIZE VIEW.
Let's start with the year at the bottom right-hand corner of the map: 1976. Also, the mayor listed on the map is Richard J. Daley, who was mayor in 1976 but wasn't mayor in 1950; Daley didn't take office until 1955.

Notice how its boundaries of O'Hare International Airport in the upper left of the map aren't bordered? That's because O'Hare wasn't annexed into Chicago's city limits until 1956. And the use of the term "black" to describe African-American settlements wasn't common in 1950—the standard nomenclature at that time was "negro."

This map was printed by the City of Chicago Department of Development and Planning to highlight Chicago's place in American history during the nation's bicentennial celebrations of the American Revolution. So Mayor Daley ordered the map reprinted to show Chicago's growth into a "world-class city." 

Compiled by Neil Gale, Ph.D.

5 comments:

  1. Well, I was 1 year old when this map was originally drawn, so I'm surely not an expert. Having said that, I would question some of the ethnic groupings as represented.

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  2. Thank you for this! And I appreciate all your research.

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  3. The Chicago History Museum has this map side-by-side with a more recent ethnic mosaic from 2000.

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