Apple River Fort saw no more battles and was torn down by 1847, the lumber was used for other purposes.
In 1995, the Apple River Fort Historic Foundation set out to locate the Apple River Fort. They were successful, and the following archaeological dig revealed the Fort’s complete footprint and a multitude of artifacts. In 1996, the Fort was reconstructed near the original foundations of the original fort. An Interpretive Center was later built to display exhibits, an interpretive film, and other materials to help tell the history of the Black Hawk War, the Apple River Fort, and the local history of Jo Daviess County and Elizabeth, Illinois.
The Apple River Fort State Historic Site is owned and operated by the State of Illinois, managed by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources, Division of Historic Sites.
Compiled by Neil Gale, Ph.D.
 The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy. During the fall and winter of 1838 and 1839, the Cherokees were forcibly moved west by the United States government. Approximately 4,000 Cherokees died on this forced march, which became known as the "Trail of Tears."
The Potawatomi have also suffered forced removal from Indiana to eastern Kansas, known as the "Trail of Death," which occurred from September 4th to November 4th of 1838. The caravan of 859 Potawatomi also included 286 horses, 26 wagons, and an armed escort of 100 soldiers who walked about 660 miles, from 8am to 4pm daily, eating only once per day in the evening. A few Potawatomi were left along the way due to typhoid from stagnant water found along the way. The forty-one Indians who died along the way were buried in unmarked graves.