№ 1 - The first Illinois State Capitol (1818-1819). Kaskaskia, Illinois is a village in Randolph County. As a major French colonial town of the Illinois Country, in the 18th century its peak population was about 7,000, when it was a regional center. As a center of the regional economy, Kaskaskia was named as the capitol of the United States' Illinois Territory, created on February 3, 1809.
|State of Illinois Capitol Building in Kaskaskia, Illinois.|
|State of Illinois Capitol Building after the Mississippi River|
Changed Course Naturally and Flooded Kaskaskia, Illinois.
№ 4 - The fourth Illinois State Capitol (1836-1839; 3rd one build in Vandalia). It is located at 315 W. Gallatin Street in Vandalia, Illinois in the center of a city block in downtown. It is the oldest surviving capitol building in the state and cost $16,000.00 to build. Work began in the summer of 1836 the third capitol was demolished. Efforts were made to salvage material from the old building. Though workers attempted to finish the building rapidly, much remained to be done when the legislature convened in early December. Plaster in second-story rooms was still damp, and rooms on the first floor were barely begun. Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.
In 1856 Vandalia sold its interest in the building for $3,150.00. Shortly thereafter, county commissioners authorized an extensive remodeling, including the addition of the porticoes that visitors see today. On August 5, 1918, the State of Illinois purchased the old statehouse and public square in order to ensure its preservation for future generations. Though owned by the state, the building continued to serve as the Fayette County Courthouse until 1933, when county offices moved to new quarters. In the 1930s and 1940s the State of Illinois carried out a major effort to restore the building to its Lincoln-era appearance. Spectators' galleries were reconstructed in the Senate and House chambers in the 1970s
№ 5. - The fifth Illinois State Capitol (1839-1876) is in Springfield, Illinois and is preserved as the Old State Capitol Historic Site at Capitol avenue and Second Street. On July 4, 1837, the first brick was laid for Illinois' fifth capitol designed by John F. Rague (who also designed the nearly identical Iowa Territorial Capitol).
№ 6. - The sixth is the current Illinois State Capitol (1876-present) is also in Springfield, Illinois. The capitol was designed by Cochrane and Garnsey, an architecture and design firm based in Chicago, Illinois. The formal laying of the cornerstone occurred on October 5th, 1868.
Compiled by Neil Gale, Ph.D.