|A Pen-and-Ink Portrait of Abraham Lincoln by Leopold Grozelier (1860).|
NOTE: Abraham Lincoln had malaria at least twice. The first time was in 1830 (21 years old), along with the rest of his family. They had just arrived in Illinois that year. The second episode was in the summer of 1835 (26 years old), while living in New Salem, Illinois. Lincoln was then so ill, he was sent to a neighbor's house to be medicated and cared for. Malaria, during that time period, would often rear its ugly head throughout ones lifetime.
RUMOR: Lincoln had Marfan syndrome. Today geneticists consider the diagnosis unlikely.
UNFOUNDED: Lincoln's son, Willie, died from typhoid fever. It is only speculation that Lincoln suffered from typhoid fever at the Gettysburg address. But it is more likely that Lincoln had a mild case of smallpox, as his valet William H. Johnson develop smallpox caring for Lincoln after the Gettysburg address and he died from it.
FACT: Abraham Lincoln used "Blue Mass" (mercury pills) to treat some of his health issues.These photographs reveal how increasingly careworn he became over the years, especially during the Civil War (April 12, 1861 - April 9, 1865), where he struggled to restore the Union.
|This photographic series from 1860-1865 is illustrative of the quick aging process experienced by Lincoln.|
|Oil painting of Lincoln giving his Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863. It's reported that Lincoln had a mild case of smallpox. Lincoln was feeling weaker during the enitre 2 hours he sat on the stage while waiting to be called to speak. Observers called Lincoln's color "ghastly." Lincoln felt so sick that when it was his turn he spoke only 271 words, in ten sentences, in just over two minutes, and immediately got helped off the stage.|
Timeline of notable Lincoln events from 1860-1865.
February Delivers Cooper Union Address
May Nominated for President of the United States
October Receives suggestion from a young girl that he should grow a beard
November Elected President of the United States
December South Carolina secedes from the Union
February Confederate States of America is formed
March Inaugurated as 16th President of the United States
April Attack on Fort Sumter, SC
May Family friend Elmer Ellsworth killed in Alexandria, VA
July Battle of First Bull Run (Manassas)
November Trent Affair with Great Britain
February Battles of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson
February Son William (Willie) dies from typhoid fever
April Battle of Shiloh
May Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley
June Battle of Seven Days’
August Battle of Second Bull Run (Manassas)
September Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg)
September Issues Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation
December Battle of Fredericksburg
January Issues Final Emancipation Proclamation
May Battle of Chancellorsville
July Battle of Gettysburg
July Surrender of Vicksburg, MS
September Battle of Chickamauga
November Delivers Gettysburg Address
November Contracts mild case of smallpox
November Battle of Chattanooga
March Appoints U.S. Grant Commander-in-Chief of Union Army
May Battle of the Wilderness
June Battle of Cold Harbor
June Siege of Petersburg, VA begins
September Battle of Atlanta
November Re-elected President of the United States
December Battle of Nashville
December Capture of Savannah, GA
January Congress Passes 13th Amendment to the Constitution
March Delivers Second Inaugural Address
April Robert E. Lee Surrenders to U. S. Grant
April Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
Compiled by Neil Gale, Ph.D.